World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945 and involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust (in which approximately 11 million people were killed) and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centers (in which approximately one million people were killed), it resulted in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
The war in Europe began with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, followed by the British and French declaration of war on Germany in September 1939. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, including Poland, Finland, and the Baltic states.
In June 1941, Germany turned on the Soviets, opening the largest and the deadliest theatre of war in history. Nazi Germany acquired additional territories in eastern Europe, invaded the Soviet Union, and embarked on a massive campaign of extermination and enslavement, eventually committing the genocide of over 3 million Soviet and Polish Jews, as well as various Romani peoples, gay people, disabled people, priests, political opponents, and others deemed "unworthy of life" by the Nazi regime. In response, the Soviet Union, along with the United States, China, and several other countries, formed the Allied coalition, making substantial contributions in the Pacific War and ultimately defeating the Axis.
The war in Europe concluded with the capture of Berlin by Soviet and Polish forces, and the subsequent German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. Following Germany's defeat, the Allied powers partitioned Berlin and Germany's territories, establishing two separate German states: West Germany, formed from the American, British, and French occupation zones, and East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
The war in the Pacific ended on 15 August 1945, when Japan announced its unconditional surrender to the Allies, following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet invasion of Manchuria. The dropping of the atomic bombs, along with Germany's surrender, marked the end of World War II, resulting in the defeat and decline of the Axis powers and the Allied victory.
The United Nations (UN), formed in the aftermath of the war, and including many of the victorious powers, became the first international organization to address issues of global concern, including decolonization, peace and security, and human rights. The victorious great powers—China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States—became the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years.
War Propaganda During World War II, Essay Example
These include: Treaty of Versailles, Fascism, Hitler and the Nazi party, the Great Depression, and appeasement. In North Africa, the Axis forces under Field Marshal Rommel were sweeping into Egypt; in Russia, they had penetrated the Caucasus and launched a gigantic World War 2 finally came to an end on the 8th of May 1945, when Adolf Hitler had committed suicide. Besides, you will never miss finding help on how to write a World War II essay. During World War II, code talkers played a significant role. For example, France wanted Germany to be severely punished because France was greatly affected by the war. The treaty's terms in which Germany would pay a great sum for war damages already added insult in injury. It has been called "the last great war.
The war in the Pacific did not end until after the U. Add the paraphrased thesis statement. While those industries which manufactured various products required during the war flourished, other industries suffered a major setback. It led to millions of deaths, and devastation across the world. It consistently explores the unpredictable and random violence that engulfs and blinds the men within it. Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland and militarized it with the army.
Historiography: World War II essay Essay — Free college essays
This was a quote from Donald Stratton one of the survivors of the Pearl Harbor attack. The United States opposed the expansion of Japan in Asia, so they cut off important exports to Japan. The reality is that the war bonds weren't doing anything except letting thousand of soldier die for issue that was happening on the other side of the pacific. There was another significant poster which lead to widespread propaganda. Also, this will help increase your chances of performing better in your academic work. General Douglas launched an attack on the Pacific Theater. Approximately six million Jews were killed in extermination camps, with another 6 million Gypsies, homosexuals, Slavs, Poles, and others.
World War II: [Essay Example], 1360 words GradesFixer
The dissatisfaction of Germany is understood. The Treaty of Versailles also caused Japanese aggression against China. Another cause of the World War II was that after World War I, the European nations wanted to maintain peace , but Hitler did not. Before the war began, the invasion of the Ethiopian Empire was committed by the armed forces of the Kingdom of Italy, which was launched from Italian Somaliland and Eritrea. This Treaty also included provisions for the repayment for the cost of the war, and for the aid in repairing the devastation to many nations, cities and towns, as well as post war territorial adjustments. World War II began with the poor economic conditions in Europe after World War I The War Of The World War II different levels of the educational system most everyone has talked about the Second World War in great detail.
Furthermore, the Rome-Berlin Axis reinforced his authority, which provided the tactical and strategic advantages that made France and Great Britain unwilling to challenge him militarily. The aftermath of the First World War included the signing of several peace treaties. War resembled heroism and bravery, and soldiers were their favourite idols. This statement held true for the treaty. The European economy was almost brought to a standstill during the Second World War. Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects killed 90,000—16600, people in Hiroshima and 60,000—80,000 in Nagasaki; roughly half of the deaths in each city.
. People became aware of their surroundings and could envisage the threat on their country. World War 2 or Second World War occurred between 1939 and 1945 and is considered the most massive known warfare in human history. All three countries were frustrated with the outcome of the First World War. Then, 1929 saw the Great Depression, which would devastate economies far beyond U. Hitler became aggressive and started to take land from neighboring League Of Nations DBQ 635 Words 3 Pages World War II was a devastating war.
After the end of World War I, Germany saw the rise of Adolf Hitler and his concept of Nazism National Socialism, later converted to the National Socialist German Workers Party, NSDAP both of which became quite popular in 1930s. Through extensive and vast revolution in infrastructure, purchasing of land, and implementing of national banking systems, America was developing into its own fully functional and self-sufficient nation that depended on no one. Americans conveyed these messages in their regular updates to the masses, to save on the reserves of gasoline and help in the increase of the power of production. This is only achievable though governments that are ready and committed to spend on research and development. The war first started just in Europe, but alliances with many other countries outside of Europe caused the conflict in Europe to become a world war.
A uranium gun-type atomic bomb Little Boy was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, followed by a plutonium implosion-type bomb Fat Man on the city of Nagasaki on August 9. Warfare technology or machinery has excelled to unlimited possibilities due to technological knowhow and advancements. The causes of WWI were alliances, militarism, and imperialism. French Navy was only next to the British troops, even though battleships were continuously crafted. While they defended and successfully extinguished that revolt, the Athenians made additional progress into Peloponnese, by sea, as well as Italy, by land.
Most of the demands of the French were considered and granted by the treaty. WWII way well underway by the time the United States entered the fight, yet people neglect to learn of the course of events that led the world into its second global war. Adolf Hitler, the then chancellor of Germany had taken some military measures to take back the land that had been taking away by other nations: Poland and Austria the war led to the death of tens of thousands of people as well as the massive destruction of resources around the globe. Thus, a conflict started within our nation that was called the civil war 1861-1865. Germany was the only major European nation to support the invasion. There was also massive destruction of resources around the globe.