Uncertainty reduction theory. Uncertainty Reduction Theory 2022-11-17
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Uncertainty reduction theory is a social psychological theory that explains how people communicate with one another in order to reduce uncertainty and increase predictability in their social interactions. According to the theory, people have a natural desire to reduce uncertainty in their social environments, as uncertainty can lead to anxiety and discomfort. In order to reduce uncertainty, individuals engage in communication with others in order to gather information and gain a better understanding of the social situation.
One of the key concepts in uncertainty reduction theory is self-disclosure, which refers to the act of sharing personal information with others. Self-disclosure allows individuals to reveal aspects of their identity and personality, which can help reduce uncertainty in social interactions by providing others with a better understanding of who they are. In addition, self-disclosure can also help to establish trust and intimacy in relationships.
Another important concept in uncertainty reduction theory is reciprocity, which refers to the idea that individuals are more likely to disclose personal information when they perceive that the other person is also willing to do so. This reciprocal process of self-disclosure can help to build trust and intimacy in relationships, as well as increase predictability and reduce uncertainty.
There are several factors that can influence the amount of uncertainty an individual experiences in a social interaction. These include the level of familiarity with the other person, the perceived similarity between the individuals, and the level of social context. For example, if an individual is familiar with the other person, they are likely to feel less uncertainty in their interactions because they already have some understanding of who the other person is. Similarly, if the individuals perceive themselves as being similar to one another, they may feel more comfortable disclosing personal information and reducing uncertainty. Finally, the level of social context can also affect uncertainty reduction, as individuals may feel more or less uncertainty depending on whether they are interacting in a formal or informal setting.
Overall, uncertainty reduction theory provides a useful framework for understanding how people communicate in order to reduce uncertainty and increase predictability in their social interactions. Through self-disclosure and reciprocity, individuals can gather information and build trust and intimacy in their relationships, ultimately leading to more positive and fulfilling social interactions.
Uncertainty Management Theory
Generally, mass media is a print and electronic means of communication that spreads messages to the audiences and carries out information to the people in the society. The Seven Axioms of the Uncertainty Reduction Theory are listed below. The study also provides evidence that strategies for reducing uncertainty in online initial interaction are similar to those used in face-to-face transactions. The degree of uncertainty then determines whether one individual likes or dislikes the other, and vice versa. When Leah goes home, she feels a high level of uncertainty about Ben but knows that she will have to interact with him many more times. History of Uncertainty Reduction Theory Initially introduced in 1975 by Charles R.
When two strangers meet, they each go through certain steps and checkpoints designed to reduce uncertainty about the other person. To ensure interceder reliability, the ads were read a second time by another independent coder. The study is called The Influence of Cultural, Relational, and Personality Factors on Uncertainty Reduction Processes. For more information on Dr. Thus, learning to develop such intimacy is important in forming relations as early as adolescence Buhrmester D. Stages of Initial Interaction While there are three different strategies for information seeking, Berger and Calabrese also looked at the different stages of initial interaction involved in communication and relationships. Cognitive Dissonance Theory In Social Psychology 1716 Words 7 Pages One of the most interesting subjects that depicts many explanations about human behavior is psychology.
COMM THEORY PAPER ON UNCERTAINITY REDUCTION THEORY .docx
As uncertainty levels decline, information seeking behavior decreases. Why do they act that way? Further, while the correlation between the need for caution and sociability predictive certainty is positive for high- context cultures, which accordingly increase uncertainty, while it is negative for low-context cultures — there is less need in predictions, which decreases uncertainty 1983, p. Furthermore, distractive features of an avatar might divert your attention from cues and increase the uncertainty level. Deb has a bubbly personality. American Late Modernism focused on the work of William Faulkner. Last Update: Jan 03, 2023 This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. According to the two theorists, uncertainty decreases when verbal communication and nonverbal expressions between two strangers increase Griffin, 2014.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory in Relationships and Communication
Are you dressed up enough to hang out with her? Low levels of uncertainty produce high levels of intimacy. When studying communication between strangers of a different culture, anxiety and uncertainty were found to be associated with one another. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication. These norms include a pleasant greeting or laughter in response to a joke. What are the limitations of uncertainty reduction theory?.
The results indicate that anxiety and uncertainty are associated with avoidance in communication with strangers from both the same and different cultures. This damage is later repaired when Harry apologizes later in the movie. The more one tolerates uncertainty the less information one seeks. These three different stages not only apply to interpersonal relationships, like new communications between acquaintances, coworkers, or teammates, but also apply to areas outside of social scenarios. This is the demographic in the studies Berger and Calabrese used to develop the theory. Criticisms of Uncertainty Reduction Theory Despite the success of Berger and Calabrese's uncertainty reduction theory, it is not without criticism within the world of communication.
What Is The Uncertainty Reduction Theory? Uncertainty Reduction Theory In A Nutshell
Gudykunst presents an exploratory comparison of two aspects of initial interactions in low- and high-context cultures. After the participants communicated, each person was asked to report their uncertainty levels toward their partner for each minute of the interaction retroactively. Once certain societal and behavioral norms are met, generally after a few interactions in the entry stage, the communication moves into the personal stage where the attitudes and beliefs of the other person are explored. After gaining knowledge of what kind of person another is, it makes people able to predict the others behavior, and the result of interaction in the future. What is the meaning of uncertainty avoidance? Berger and Calabrese only included middle class white people in their sample size. How much is she asking for it? What is the meaning of uncertainty reduction theory? Let's take a look at each of the three reasons.
There is the active strategy, which is employed by taking the initiative to find out information about a person before meeting them for example, through the internet or by asking friends. Mass media can be divided into two categories, which is the print media include like newspaper, magazines, and books. They later went out for lunch, but instead of taking the opportunity to share their feelings, they decided to tell each other it was a mistake. Uncertainty results as the individual attempts to determine what the other is own thoughts. Viewed collectively, the theorems provide a framework for examining and predicting the process of getting to know someone. Once certain societal and behavioral norms are met, generally after a few interactions in the entry stage, the communication moves into the personal stage where the attitudes and beliefs of the other person are explored.
To take a look at the theory being applied two studies were selected to provide a look at the practical application of uncertainty reduction theory and the factors that are encompassed in this theory. They differ in order depending on participants. Which of the following is an assumption of uncertainty reduction theory? When the economy is going bad and causing everyone to worry about what will happen next, this is an example of an uncertainty. Why is she getting rid of it? This is called the passive strategy and is explained in detail below. Without complete control of these cues, communicators can only manage an interaction to a certain point.
For a more comprehensive look into Uncertainty Reduction Theory — its history, past research, and researchers, see Mark V. Another advice would be to approach first. Moreover, the greatest amount of self-disclosure, attraction, and high-context attributional confidence occurred in male-female relationships, which reduced uncertainty, and the least in male-male relationships. Among all of the participants, one hundred and seventy-four of the respondents were from low- context cultures United States, Germany, Switzerland and 113 were from Asian high-context cultures Japan, China, Korea. This theory is very important to society, because many people assume that being uncertain about someone is a bad a thing, which is not the case. While some view it as a process, others perceive it as a skill. More plausible is the likelihood that certain avatars introduce uncertainty.