Vegetation refers to the plant life of a particular area, and it plays a crucial role in the ecosystem by providing food and habitat for animals, regulating the climate, and purifying the air. There are many different types of vegetation that can be found on the Earth, and these can be classified based on various factors such as the climate, soil type, and altitude.
One way to classify vegetation is based on the climate of the area. Tropical rainforests, for example, are found in areas with high rainfall and a warm climate, and they are home to a diverse range of plant species, including tall trees with broad leaves, vines, and shrubs. In contrast, desert vegetation is adapted to survive in arid conditions with little water, and it typically consists of drought-resistant plants such as cacti, succulents, and scrub bushes.
Another way to classify vegetation is based on the soil type of the area. For example, wetlands such as swamps, marshes, and bogs have wet, spongy soil that is rich in nutrients, and they are home to a variety of plant species such as reeds, rushes, and cattails. In contrast, grasslands have dry, nutrient-poor soil and are characterized by grasses and other low-lying plants.
Altitude is another factor that can influence the type of vegetation found in an area. High-altitude regions such as mountains often have a colder climate and shorter growing season, and the vegetation there is adapted to these conditions. For example, alpine meadows are found at high altitudes and are characterized by grasses, herbs, and small shrubs.
In addition to these natural types of vegetation, there are also many areas where vegetation has been altered by human activities. Agricultural lands, for example, are used for growing crops and are typically dominated by a single type of plant. Urban areas also have their own unique type of vegetation, which may include ornamental plants, trees, and grassy areas.
Overall, there is a great diversity of vegetation on the Earth, and each type plays a vital role in the ecosystem. Understanding the different types of vegetation and how they are influenced by factors such as climate, soil, and altitude can help us appreciate the complexity and interconnectedness of the natural world.
Types of vegetation
University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. Although hard to see, phytoplankton actually floats among the water surface of the ocean. The natural vegetation cover over the vast areas of Ghana is closely related to the mean annual rainfall. These four things affect the growth hormones of the plant, which will either make the plant grow quickly or slowly. Sometimes the vegetation would also grow over some of the corals to protect them.
Its latex is extremely poisonous to many animals and bacteria, but oryx and black rhino readily feed on the plants. South of the Sahara desert to the west and extending to Uganda moist, lush rainforests are surrounded by savannas, wetlands, and deciduous woodlands, while grasslands, savanna, and mixed open canopy woodlands are more characteristic of East Africa Olson et al. At that time the eastern portion of the state was dominated by boreal forest as indicated by analyses of pollen cores Delcourt and Delcourt, 1987 and 1991. For example, the monsoon rain causes strong tropical evergreen forests to grow on the western slopes of the western Goth Mountains due to southwestern monsoon rains, while there is no dense forest on the eastern slopes. Although the vast majority of forests have a mixed population of trees, meaning there is almost always more than one type of tree growing in a particular area, we can also differentiate types of forests.
Other than that, this vegetation relies heavily on sunlight to survive because it needs to carry out photosynthesis. Jarzen ; D Wheat fields, Saskatchewan, Canada photo credit: D. Deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall, whereas conifers keep theirs all year. One of the most widely used of these is the wetland and deepwater habitats Cowardin et al. You can find a lot of Widgeon Grass along the coastlines as the vegetation is very common.
Let's see the most important: Tundra vegetation The tundra vegetation is simple in structure and low in height, adapted to withstand low temperatures and short hot seasons. Natural vegetation is a group of plants that grow naturally without human assistance. Remarkably, humans can live in many places where trees cannot. Our philosophy in this book is to treat any vegetation pattern that repeats and persists in the landscape for more than just few years as worthy of describing and defining. In total, the savanna biome occupies one-fifth of the global land area and supports a large and growing population. The results of this experiment provide evidence that different tree species influence P fluxes and, thus, P bioavailability within forest soils. Cypress Bottoms Present only in the drainages of the Little and Mountain Fork rivers, this type is dominated by bald cypress, T axodium distichum; sweetgum, L.
What are the types of natural vegetation? Answer at BYJUâ€™S IAS
Coralline Algae Coralline algae is an ocean vegetation that grows over the rocks in the water. Shumard with the Marcy expedition, and J. Therefore, cultivated crops, fruits and orchards are part of plants, but not natural plants. Deciduous trees have leaves that change color and shed in fall and winter, while evergreen trees stay green all year. As this boreal forest retreated northward, prehistoric peoples used fire as a tool to manipulate the forest Buckner, 1989; Foti and Glenn, 1991.
What is vegetation and its types? The tallest moss vegetation is called the Dawsonia. A precise designation of community type modified from Radford, A. As mentioned earlier, ground full of diverse plants, a community of plant and plant cover with natural and plant vegetation inclusive are all referred to as Vegetation. Oklahoma Geological Survey Education Publication Number 1. The vegetation is quite thick.
The association is used at the local scale. Likewise, the vegetation units created can vary and include functional resource management criteria, such as timber or range types; descriptions of vegetation associated with landscape units, ecological units, or animal habitats; and classifications with an emphasis on vegetation structure, floristic assemblages, or units recognizable from aerial photographs. However, a single classification cannot be all things for all people. First is the availability of water which is largely an outcome of the competing effects of rainfall and evaporation , while the second is the type of soil. Vegetation, the particular plant species in a region and their arrangement, is a part of the natural world that humans learn to recognize at an early age.
In these forests, the common animals found are lion, tiger, pig, deer and elephant. Although we can agree that a dense lodgepole pine forest is qualitatively different from an adjacent wet mountain meadow, the closer we look, the harder it is to discern where the meadow begins and the forest ends. Prairie vegetation The meadows are rich in grasses, with grasses and plants such as clovers or sunflowers. The ground in these areas often sinks because of this icy foundation! Aquatic vegetation Aquatic vegetation is that which we can find both submerged in aquatic environments, whether they are fresh or salt water, as well as that which is in areas of very high environmental humidity. The colour of the Red Sea Whip can either be red, yellow or purple. Oklahoma Geological Survey Education Publication Number 1.
Biomes are broad ecological units that share similar plant life, climate, soils, geomorphology and animal life. There are other ways too, for example by mapping plant production, endemic plants and floristic areas and land cover. The growth of this vegetation records back to almost 500 million years ago. The Kelp vegetation helps marine animals to find a place to live. Alpine tundras are at high elevation, while arctic tundras are far to the north. What are the major vegetation in Africa? What decides the vegetation of an area? Characterized by low, irregular precipitation, these grasslands are nearly devoid of trees. The African Savanna is a thornbush savanna, which has many different kinds of plants such as aca cia Senegal, candelabra tree, jackalberry tree, umbrella thorn acacia, whistling thorn, Bermuda grass, baobabs, and elephant grass.
While many are familiar to Western readers, some are only found in largely uninhabited regions. Nearly one-fifth of California is covered by grasslands, but most of them are dominated by non-native annuals Bromus, Avena, Erodium, etc. Animals that live in this type of landscape include giraffes, elephants, and zebras; these animals have adapted to eat many different types of plants that grow here including acacia trees which provide food for livestock as well as wild animals who live nearby. Heteropogon contortus black speargrass dominates the tropical savanna understory in eastern Queensland, with Themeda triandra, Aristida, Bothriochloa, and Chrysopogon bladhii becoming more dominant as rainfall declines. Vegetation is the species of plant coupled with the provided land cover. Photograph documentation: For keeping track of photos or other images.