Prophet joel background. 38. The Book of Joel 2022-10-24
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Prophet Joel is a figure mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. He is considered a prophet in Judaism and is included in the Nevi'im, the second division of the Hebrew Bible.
According to the biblical account, Joel was a prophet who lived in Judah, the southern kingdom of ancient Israel. Not much is known about his background or personal life, and the book of Joel is the only book in the Hebrew Bible that bears his name.
The book of Joel is a collection of prophecies attributed to Joel and is believed to have been written sometime in the 8th or 7th century BCE. The book is divided into two main parts: the first part describes a devastating locust plague that ravaged the land of Judah, and the second part describes a future time of restoration and salvation for God's people.
Throughout the book, Joel calls on the people of Judah to repent and turn back to God, warning them of the consequences of their disobedience and reminding them of God's faithfulness and mercy. He also speaks of a time when God will pour out his Spirit on all people, resulting in a great outpouring of prophecy and miraculous signs.
The book of Joel is known for its vivid and powerful imagery, and its message of hope and restoration has made it a beloved and enduring part of the Hebrew canon. Despite the limited information available about his background, Prophet Joel remains an important figure in the history and tradition of Judaism and Christianity.
Background of Joel
The location of the book in the Hebrew canon implies a pre-exilic date. The absence of the mention of a king in Joel is not unusual since Obadiah, Jonah, Nahum and Habakkuk are pre- exilic and do not mention a king either. Summary of The Book of Joel Quick Overview of Joel. There is nothing wrong in enjoying life and the material blessing as a gift from God. Another point of agreement in favor of this date was the hostility shown to the Israelites by the nations, mentioned in iv. Stylistic carelessness is very usual in Hebrew narrative; and the act of penitence is left to be supplied by the reader from the context— i. Israel will live in prosperity and never again be shamed 2:27.
This is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: your sons and daughters will prophesy. Read Joel Joel Select a Chapter The Story of the Bible - Part One - The Old Testament. This new day of spiritual renewal cf. If God's people repent, God will bring a new day of prosperity, both physically and spiritually Deuteronomy 27-28. However, unlike many prophets, Joel does not address specific sin or idolatry on the part of the Judah. All of the prophets build upon common themes of the call to repentance, judgment of the nations and eventual blessing for Israel.
Date and Setting It is debated whether Joel is one of the earliest prophets or the latest. The reason for judgment 3:3-8 c. Joel seems to allude to several other prophets partial list : 1. Joel is not trying to get us excited that we will all one day be able to know the future before it happens there is nothing especially holy about that. There would be no food; joy and gladness would depart; crops would not grow; granaries would be unused; the livestock would suffer from lack of pasture; range fires would devastate; and there would be no water in the empty stream beds.
God inspired these prophecies, and they are sure to occur. He aims to be known as God, not as a psychic phenomenon or some indescribable fantasy. There have been two later traditions about the prophet: 1. When the plague of locusts came the land of Judah suffer dramatically, and what followed after was a time of famine drought. Your incense is detestable to me. God controls the weather God controls the weather, and He can use this power to punish the nations that have flagrantly rejected Him and His laws. So saturated and soaked with God, so filled with God in the inner life that we would constantly speak to each other of the excellencies of our Maker and Redeemer and Friend.
Most agree that Judah had not descended into the extreme spiritual and moral depravity of its latter days. The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures by Dallas Seminary Faculty: Old Testament, 1125-27, and Homer Heater, Jr. In the first place, the acceptance of the post-exilic theory of composition necessitates the wholly improbable hypothesis that the prophet in i. This chapter also lets us know about the full blessing of the millennium. The invasion of locusts 1:2-4 C. As to the question concerning the prophetic sources of the respective passages, it is probably easier to derive the passages iii.
The post-exilic theory, moreover, far from removing difficulties, gives rise to various additional ones of a serious nature. The Locust Plague and the Day of the Lord Joel writes in the midst of crisis. The execution of judgment 3:13-16a 2. Marginal note in 6 th century a. Related Topics: Malick received a Masters of Theology in Bible Exposition, with honors, from Dallas Theological Seminary in 1984. So we must look briefly at Acts 2 and Peter's understanding of Pentecost.
Who Was Joel the Prophet and What Did He Prophesy?
We learn at least three new things about Joel's prophecy from our present New Testament perspective. The book of Joel, though, like many prophecies, sometimes jumps from one time period to another. You have blessed the work of his hands, so that his flocks and herds are spread throughout the land. Therefore, while the early preexilic and postexilic periods are both possible, the evidence seems to align itself more favorably with the late preexilic period than the other two possibilities 2. That is the day Joel is predicting—the day when all God's people will prophesy. So there is a great difference between experiencing God as a distant object of knowledge and being immersed in his presence.
Then after he has spelled out the richness of their restoration, Joel lifts his eyes by divine inspiration to the more distant future in 2:28 and delivers God's word again: And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters will prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. If you are not often moved deeply by the self-revealing presence of the Judge of the world and the Lover of your soul, then pray for the fulfilling of Joel 2:28 in your experience, and set your gaze firmly on God's beauty in Scripture. More than this, he will pour out his own Spirit on them. Soon the plague came and devastated the whole land and its effects were clearly seen and felt. As the Holy Scriptures are silent as to the time of writing we ought to respect this. On the other hand, the appointment of a fast on the occasion of exceptional afflictions is found in the narratives of the Book of Kings I Kings xxi. It has lain waste my fig trees.
Rather, he uses the recent calamity of the locust plague to teach a prophetic lesson. The context clearly calls for Messiah's presence 2:26-27 and 2:32-3:2. Despair, you farmers, wail, you vine growers; grieve for the wheat and the barley, because the harvest of the field is destroyed. A fountain will flow out of the Lord's house and will water the valley of acacias 3:18. Others, however, were attacked by prophets like Hosea as false prophets, unworthy of their calling. God will judge the surrounding nations! The strongest arguments, however, favor an early date. The day of the Lord is great; it is dreadful.
The sun shall be turned to darkness and the moon to blood, before the great and terrible day of the Lord comes. And you can usually tell whether a person has been drenched with the Spirit by whether his mouth is given to declaring the excellencies of God. The difficulty arises that these descriptions apply even less to a post-exilic period than to the time of King Joash see below. Do not think that such an experience of God is for the professional spiritual elite. Joel provides very vivid and poetic descriptions of the locusts. All the material blessings are taken away 1:7, 10-12.