Juan de Sepúlveda was a Spanish humanist and philosopher who played a significant role in the early modern period of Spanish history. He was born in Alcalá de Henares in 1490 and was educated at the University of Salamanca, where he studied theology and law. Sepúlveda became interested in the works of classical philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle, and he used their ideas to develop his own philosophy of human nature and political theory.
Sepúlveda was a defender of the Spanish conquest of the New World and the colonization of the Americas. He argued that the indigenous peoples of the Americas were inferior to Europeans and that it was the duty of the Spanish to bring civilization and Christianity to these "barbarous" lands. Sepúlveda argued that the conquest and colonization of the Americas were justified because they were in the best interests of the indigenous peoples, who would benefit from the introduction of European culture and religion.
Sepúlveda's views on the conquest and colonization of the Americas were controversial and were opposed by other intellectuals of the time, such as Bartolomé de Las Casas. Las Casas argued that the indigenous peoples of the Americas were fully human and deserving of respect and that the conquest and colonization of their lands was a gross injustice. Sepúlveda and Las Casas engaged in a heated debate over these issues, and their ideas had a lasting impact on the way the Spanish Empire approached its colonies in the New World.
Despite his controversial views on the conquest and colonization of the Americas, Sepúlveda was an influential figure in the history of Spanish philosophy. His ideas on human nature and political theory were widely discussed and debated, and he helped to shape the philosophical landscape of the early modern period in Spain. Sepúlveda's work continues to be studied by historians and philosophers today, and his contributions to the fields of ethics and political theory remain relevant and important.
Sepúlveda, Juan Ginés de (c. 1490
Cursó estudios de humanidades en la Universidad de Alcalá y posteriormente en la de Bolonia. Con cuarenta y cinco años pasó a ser capellán y cronista del De rebus gestis Caroli Quinti, constituida por treinta volúmenes, describió la vida que llevó el emperador y los hechos más destacados de su reinado. En 1532 apareció su Antapollogia, en réplica a Erasmo de Rotterdam. Examines underlying implications of that argument from a gender studies perspective. Epidemic after epidemic wiped out sizable Native American populations in the New World. . As true as this may be, Sepulveda fails to tell the whole story.
Traductor de la Política de Aristóteles, cuya defensa de la esclavitud y la defensa del sometimiento de las culturas inferiores le influyó profundamente. Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda Pozoblanco, España, h. The colonists' exploitation of native labor, thus, was justified. Foods brought to the New World included cotton, wheat, rye, barley, cotton, tobacco, sugar, bananas, and varieties of citrus fruits. Unfortunately, the Europeans also brought diseases such as measles, mumps, small-pox, influenza, and chicken pox to the Americas. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation.
De 1523 a 1526 vive en Roma sirviendo en la corte pontificia. His audience is mainly the Spanish royalty, and also the Christian community. La junta no falló nada, quedando inconclusa y sin vencedor la polémica. To Sep úlveda the Spanish were obviously champions of an advanced civilization. The king ordered in 1550 that conquests in his name cease until the Council of the Indies should decide upon the justness of Spain's conduct. This debate, organized by King Charles V, was to decide the continued fate of the natives within the Spanish colonial system - continued slavery or emancipation.
Discusses Sepúlveda's theories of war in relation to the war against the Ottoman Turks. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. It was clear s day Sepulveda wanted to make the Natives look bad and good enough to make the Spanish ruler feel they would come good use to slavery. Although Aristotle was a primary source for Sepúlveda's argument, he also pulled from various Las Casas utilized the same sources in his counterargument.
Thus their natural condition was to obey a superior because they committed crimes against Sep úlveda next abbreviated his principal arguments for his Apolog ía 1550. He also believed that the conquest of the natives was an act of charity, for it brought them the benefits of civilization, religion, and trade with Spain. Cursó sus primeros estudios en Córdoba. By 1526 he had become the official translator of Politics that for centuries was an indispensable work. Nevertheless exploitation and abuse continued, in. Garcilaso, the embodiment of the cultur… The Colonial Period , In the territory that became Spanish Paraguay at the time of the Conquest lived 300,000 Native Americans, called Guaranis by the Spaniards, in fourte… Ramon De La Cruz , Ramón de la Cruz rämōn´ dā lä krōōth , 1731—94, Spanish dramatist.
Biografía de Juan Ginés de Sepúlveda (Su vida, historia, bio resumida)
These assertions in regard to some but not all Amerindians were made in Democrates alter de justis belli causis apud Indos A Second Democritus: on the just causes of war with Indians Rome, 1550. This led to the importation of African slaves to the New World to bolster the labor component on many emerging farms and plantations. Azara was the third son of Alejandro de Azara y Loscertales and Maria de Per…. See also Slavery: Indian Slavery and Forced Labor. He studied piano fir… Lope De Rueda , Lope de Rueda lō´pā dā rōōā´ŧħä , 1510? Working under the direction of the eminent —1525 , Sep úlveda developed into one of the leading scholars in Italy.
Escribió De rebus hispanorum gestis ad Novum Orbem, sobre la conquista del Nuevo Mundo, convirtiéndose en su defensor oficial, al considerarla sobre todo como la evangelización de los indígenas. In consequence of their being ruled by passions rather than reason, Indians were actually born to be slaves and should be grateful that in spite of their sinfulness, barbarism, licentiousness, and relative indifference to the institute of Finally as men ruled over women, and adults ruled over children, so inferior races should be subordinated to the will of superior races. In 1533 and 1534 Sepúlveda wrote to Sepúlveda translated several of Politics or De re publica 1548. Here's an example from the text which supports what I am saying. To say they are crafty would show that they are of use to something. In contrast with Las Casas and the theologians of Salamanca, Sepúlveda believed that the Aristotelian doctrine of natural aristocracy and natural servitude justified the Spanish conquest of the Indies and wars against the native populations.
Bogotá: Ediciones Uniandes, Departamento de Filosofía: Alfaomega Colombiana, 2002. . It is better for them to be ruled thus. Although Aristotle was a primary source for Sepúlveda's argument, he also pulled from various Las Casas utilized the same sources in his counterargument. Estudió en las universidades de Alcalá de Henares Madrid y Bolonia Italia donde se doctorará en Teología y Artes. According to the laws of both nations and Nature, to the victor belong the spoils.