Indian penal code section 465. ‘Forgery’ and ‘Making of False Documents’: Sheila Sebastian V/s R. Jawaharaj & Anr. (Criminal Appeal Nos. 359 2022-11-07
Indian penal code section 465
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is the main criminal code of India. Section 465 of the IPC pertains to the offense of forgery. This section defines forgery as the making of a false document with the intent to cause damage or injury to the public or to any person, or to support any claim or title, or to cause any person to part with property, or to enter into any express or implied contract, or with the intent to commit fraud.
Under this section, forgery is punishable with imprisonment of up to two years, or with fine, or with both. However, if the forgery is committed with the intent to cause death or hurt, the punishment may be extended to imprisonment for a term of up to seven years.
There are several types of forgery that are covered under this section, including counterfeiting currency notes or bank notes, counterfeiting government stamps, and counterfeiting valuable securities or documents. It is also an offense to use a forged document as genuine, or to possess a forged document knowing it to be forged.
In addition to the above provisions, section 466 of the IPC deals with the offense of forgery of record of court or of public register, while section 467 pertains to the offense of forgery of valuable security or will. Section 468 deals with the offense of forgery for the purpose of cheating, while section 469 deals with forgery for the purpose of harming reputation.
It is important to note that forgery is a serious offense under Indian law and can result in severe punishment. It is essential for individuals to be aware of the provisions of the IPC and to refrain from engaging in any activities that could be considered as forgery.
‘Forgery’ and ‘Making of False Documents’: Sheila Sebastian V/s R. Jawaharaj & Anr. (Criminal Appeal Nos. 359
Non-cognizable offences are, generally, relatively less serious offences than cognizable offences. It must be made clear in mind that, where there exists no doubtfulness, there lies no scope for understanding. Section 510 deals with misconduct in public by a drunken person. Section 509: Word, gesture or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman. To establish successful prosecution intention, dishonesty and fraud the prosecutor and claimant must prove the purpose i. Hence the framers of the Code incorporated these provisions stating and defining the offences which are against the public tranquility. Therefore, the accused before us could not have been convicted with the making of a false document.
FORGERY: A Document that is void ab initio
Whereas 472 to 476 deal with cases of making counterfeit seals, plates or instruments used for creating forged documents. The Indian Penal code came into force in 1860 on recommendations of the first law commission of India. Three conditions commonly are present when fraud occurs. But there is an important fact which is that the law has a knowledge about the abettor, who has given help to another in crime. Altering of Facts The act of altering is an instance of document falsification, which is a white-collar crime. These legislative provisions cover violence against persons in general, and offences of this nature are considered very serious and usually carry hefty punishments.
India Code: Indian Penal Code, 1860
It states that whoever fraudulently or dishonestly accepts as the genuine document which he knows or has ground to believe to be a forged document, shall be punished in the corresponding manner as if he had forged such document. Section 464 states that the act should get done fraudulently and laid elements to satisfy and states a document as forged and false. In the case of Tan Ker Loo v. Any relative may also make the complaint on her behalf. Sometimes, it is found that report entries do not match properly or that the reports have been completed by the same person every day of the year, implying that this flatware individual never demands a vacation or a weekend off. The Code was made effective during the British rule in January 1, 1862 and was applicable to the whole of the then British India except the princely states as they had their own courts and legal systems till 1940s. Forgery of valuable security, will, etc.
Indian Penal Code,1860
Indian Penal Code Indian Penal Code is a substantive law. Third, those involved are able to reconcile committing a fraudulent act. These defenses are based on the premise that though the person committed the offense, he cannot be held liable. These offences can be counterfeiting coins, making or selling or possessing instrument for counterfeiting coins or Indian coins, importing or exporting of counterfeit coin, counterfeit stamp, possession of counterfeit stamp, effacing any writ¬ing from any substance bearing Government stamp to cause loss to Government, using stamp known to have been used before, etc. What can be done in the case of dowry-related harassment or dowry death? In such cases, the act would be considered an illegal forgery. It gets implied as forming a forged document or record with an evil intent to cause injury to any person or property to support any forged claim or title.
Offences Relating to Documents: All you need to know about it
It aims at setting up the necessary machinery for investigating cases, arresting criminals, presenting criminals before the courts, collecting evidence, imposing penalties or punishments on the accused, the entire procedure regarding bail, and so on. Z has committed the offence of forgery. He can be tried and convicted of murder in any place in India in any situation which he may be found for further reference do refer to the case S. For example, the work of art can be replicated or copied without any crime being committed unless someone attempted to sell or represent the original copies. This section refers to offences relating to book-keeping and written accounts. For instance, a person X who is a citizen of India commits a murder in Uganda.
When any person commits the offence of criminal intimidation will be liable to imprisonment for a term of 2 years, and fine. Keywords: Shivam Goel, Forgery, Indian Penal Code Suggested Citation:. To constitute it, some damage or injury must be intended to be caused by the false document to an individual or to the public. How many Sections are there in Indian Penal Code? Making Counterfeit Seal, etc, With Intent to Commit ForgeryÂ Making a seal, plate etc. As per this Section, the offence is punishable by a jail cycle elongating up to 2 years or fine or both.
Fraudulent Alteration Fraudulent Alteration involves the material alteration to a Telefacsimile for a fraudulent purpose by a person other than the person who signed and adjusted the instrument. Explanation It shall be sufficient in any charge under this section to claim a general intent to defraud without naming any specific person intended to be defrauded any specific sum of money intended to be the subject of the fraud or any selective day on which the offence was committed. For merely making such a key, even if the planned offence is theft, one cannot be held to have attempted to commit the offence of robbery. Therefore, it can be stated that, Section 464 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 defines one of the ingredients of forgery, that is, making of a false document. Â It is essential that engineers document the design process so that they can communicate it to others and ensure no information is lost. X has committed forgery, inasmuch as he intended to deceive Z by the forged certificate, and thereby to induce Z to enter into an express or implied contract for service. LawSikho has created a telegram group for exchanging legal knowledge, referrals, and various opportunities.
Is there a law on marital rape? The law offers certain defenses that protects a person from criminal liability. Such person is punishable with imprisonment of either description up to seven years and fine. Those who commit forgery are usually charged with the crime of fraud. Some individuals possess an attitude, character, or set of ethical values that enable them to deliberately and intentionally commit a dishonest act. So, forgery gets done to mislead someone into believing the inaccuracy. The act of antedating is seen in the case, more precisely refers to the case law Mangal Singh vs the State.