Inca high priest. Religion in the Inca Empire 2022-10-22
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The Inca civilization, which flourished in South America in the 15th and 16th centuries, had a complex and highly centralized political and social structure. At the top of this hierarchy was the Sapa Inca, the ruler of the empire, who was considered a divine being and the son of the sun god. Below the Sapa Inca were a number of officials and nobles who held positions of power and influence, including the high priest of the Inca religion.
The high priest, known as the Willaq Umu, was a powerful and influential figure in Inca society. He was responsible for overseeing all aspects of the state religion, including the worship of the gods and the performance of rituals and ceremonies. The Willaq Umu was also responsible for interpreting the will of the gods and communicating their messages to the Sapa Inca and other members of the ruling class.
The high priest was typically chosen from among the ranks of the nobility, and he held his position for life. He was a member of the Council of the Sun, a group of advisors to the Sapa Inca who were responsible for various aspects of the government, including religion, law, and finance. The Willaq Umu was also responsible for the training and supervision of the lower-ranking priests and temple attendants.
In addition to his religious duties, the high priest also played a political role in Inca society. He was involved in the selection and coronation of new rulers, and he served as an advisor to the Sapa Inca on matters of state. The high priest was also responsible for maintaining the calendar and organizing the solar and lunar festivals that marked the important events in the Inca year.
Despite his high status and influence, the high priest of the Inca was not an absolute ruler. He was expected to follow the laws and customs of the empire and to adhere to the will of the gods. If he failed to do so, he could be removed from office or even punished by the Sapa Inca.
The Inca high priest played a crucial role in the religious and political life of the empire, and his influence was felt throughout society. He was a powerful and respected figure, and his decisions and actions had a significant impact on the lives of the people of the Inca empire.
For example, Pachamama, the Earth goddess, was a long-worshipped deity before the Inca Empire. Possibly in a state of illness induced delusion, or, with the situation of the line of succession being interrupted, Huayna capac decided to give the newly acquired area in which he lived that of present day Ecuador to Atahuallpa, his son of an Ecuadorian noble woman, and the rest to Huascar, which was composed of all lands south of there, a territory which bordered the Pacific Ocean and edged the Amazon basin inland, as far south as Santiago de Chile. Inca Policies and Institutions Relating to the Cultural Unification of the Empire, in The Inca and Aztec States: 1400—1800. Following the creation of a wamani, the Inca would establish an administrative center known as a hatoñ. An Introduction to American Archaeology: South America. Generally, textile-making was practiced by both men and women. Like the yanakuna, they were exempt from taxation and held hereditary status.
Abusive or negligent officials likewise faced punishment. An illustrated representation of the Sun god Inti. This weighting of representation balanced the hanan and hurin divisions of the empire, both within Cusco and within the Quarters hanan suyukuna and hurin suyukuna. At the top of the chain of administration sat the Sapa Inca. The Willaq Umu was present at the coronation ceremony of Manco Inca, and was not in favor of the young Inca joining the Spanish to crush the Atahualpista generals , but in the end he accepted, hoping that once authority was consolidated. The Incas believed the gods had to be kept happy through worship.
They traveled for a long time. Each suyu was further subdivided into wamani, or provinces. After the loss of the fortress of Sacsayhuamán , the siege of Cuzco was loosening, until Manco and his supporters withdrew towards Vilcabamba , which became a bulwark of the Inca resistance. Roads allowed quick movement on foot for the Inca army and shelters called Ollantay Tambo, or My Lord's Storehouse. The festival of Inti Raymi.
Viracocha was the Creator, but Viracochan and the Viracochan family were flesh and blood people. Lost Crops of the Incas: Little-Known Plants of the Andes with Promise for Worldwide Cultivation. Additionally Poma shows both well drafted European flags and coats of arms on pp. It was in Cuzco of course that they made their capital city, from which they expanded, forming the largest civilization in the Americas up until 1532, when Francisco Pizarro and his band of 160 plus or minus soldiers of fortune captured the last of the Sapa high Inca Atahuallpa, executed him, and thereby brought the almost immediate downfall of the military, religious, and governmental aspects of this great culture. When she came to earth she transformed into a great river also Illapa. They could be seen as loyal, and therefore transplanted as a garrison Despite moving perhaps hundreds of miles to new homes, mitmaqkuna were still considered members of their original, native group and land for census and mit'a purposes. His siblings tricked him into returning to the cave to get a sacred Ayar Uchu decided to stay on the top of the cave to look over the Inca people.
Just as with so much of Andean society and Inca administration, both Cuzco as a district and the four suyu as administrative regions were grouped into upper hanan and lower hurin divisions. The Inca religion centered on a pantheon of gods that included Inti; a creator god named Viracocha; and Apu Illapu, the rain god. What were the priests of the Incas called? One might even marry the Sapa Inca. In an effort to quash the Inca religion, the Spanish built a Christian cathedral on top of its foundation in the 1500s. Colonial Encounters, Body Politics, and Flows of Desire. . In the beginning, the judicial organization was located in the temple and the priests guided by the ensi administered the law.
El Inca priestUnderstood is a very broad sense, it fulfills the mission of propagating, maintaining and officiating the cult of a certain deity. The qikuchikuy signified the onset of menstruation, upon which the girl would go into the forest alone and return only once the bleeding had ended. With the ability to sacrifice virgins for a better casting roll, the High Priest is very effective at supporting his allies. He was probably second in power to the Sapa Inca due to the importance of religion in the Inca Empire. Inca rulers enforced a religious system that favored Inti, but they incorporated the Earth goddess as a lesser deity. Inti was the most important Inca god as he was the god of the Sun and the patron of empire and conquest. There were likely more than 86 wamani, with more than 48 in the highlands and more than 38 on the coast.
King; Jorge Leon; Luis Sumar Kalinowski; Noel D. This celebration of puberty was called warachikuy for boys and qikuchikuy for girls. Our operations began nearly a decade ago as a way to facilitate my longterm research into megalithic sites and ancient wisdom. Inti ordered these children, named Manco Cápac and Mama Ocllo, to descend from the sky and onto Earth with a divine golden wedge. The highest such inspector, typically a blood relative to the Sapa Inca, acted independently of the conventional hierarchy, providing a point of view for the Sapa Inca free of bureaucratic influence. Most of the upper tier of Inca administration were Inca by class, if not blood relatives of the Sapa Inca.
The helpers who se They were in charge of the maintenance of the temple, of the rites and ceremonies that accompanied the solar cult were the so-called tarpuntaes. The other caves were Maras T'uqu Maras Tocco and Sutiq T'uqu Sutic Tocco. Many local forms of worship persisted in the empire, most of them concerning local sacred The Incan economy is a subject of scholarly debate. This is where the plot against Huascar began to take root; Atahuallpa chose, as his representatives, experienced army personnel who were secretly armed; the delegation was in fact a war party, 30,000 strong, whose intent was to capture Huascar and hold him prisoner. He represented abundance, harvests, and fertility, and was considered more important than any other deity worshipped in the region. Journal of Women's History, 20 3 , 166—80. He was a close relative of the Sapa Inca and worked as his closest advisor.