Ibn battuta hajj. Life and Travels of Ibn Battuta, World Explorer and Writer 2022-10-23
Ibn battuta hajj
Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan explorer who is known for his extensive travels throughout the Islamic world during the 14th century. One of the most significant journeys he made was his pilgrimage to Mecca, also known as the Hajj.
Ibn Battuta embarked on the Hajj in 1325, at the age of 21. He traveled from his hometown of Tangier, in present-day Morocco, to Mecca, which is located in present-day Saudi Arabia. The journey was long and arduous, and it took him several months to reach Mecca. Along the way, he encountered a variety of challenges, such as banditry, illness, and difficult terrain.
Despite these challenges, Ibn Battuta persevered and arrived in Mecca in the summer of 1326. Once there, he participated in the various rituals of the Hajj, including the Tawaf, a series of circumambulations around the Kaaba, the holiest site in Islam. He also traveled to the nearby city of Medina, where he visited the tomb of the Prophet Muhammad.
During his time in Mecca, Ibn Battuta met a number of other travelers from different parts of the Islamic world. He exchanged stories and experiences with them, and this helped to broaden his understanding of the diverse cultures and societies within the Islamic world.
After completing the Hajj, Ibn Battuta continued his travels and visited many other countries, including Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Iran, India, and China. His travels took him to some of the most remote and exotic locations of the time, and he encountered a wide range of cultures, religions, and languages.
Ibn Battuta's travels and his written accounts of them have had a lasting impact on our understanding of the Islamic world during the 14th century. His descriptions of the people and places he encountered are among the most detailed and accurate of his time, and his writings provide valuable insights into the history, culture, and society of the Islamic world during this period.
In conclusion, the Hajj played a significant role in the life of Ibn Battuta, and his pilgrimage to Mecca was just one of many memorable experiences he had during his travels throughout the Islamic world. His writings continue to be an important source of information and inspiration for people interested in the history and culture of the Islamic world.
The Greatest Traveler in History: The Adventures of Ibn Battuta
Modern critics have noted several textual discrepancies which hint at substantial borrowing from older tales. Goods from Egypt, Arabia, Africa, India, and China all passed through Omani bazaars, and a partial list of products indicates just how cosmopolitan Muslim trade could be. Apparently a moment of reflection is setting in among some of us! Over the next two years together, the men wove what would become the Book of Travels, based primarily on Ibn Battuta's memories, but also interweaving descriptions from earlier writers. Cosmopolitanism and the Middle Ages. What he saw and heard there—the faces, the languages, the style of the minarets, the governments, the arts—were all still Islamic, but this was a different cultural domain within Islamic culture: the land ruled by the Islamized Mongols known as the Ilkhans.
Journey to Mecca
. Early Days Not a whole lot is known about Battuta before he began his travels. Farther up the coast, Ibn Battuta describes the efficient way Omani fishermen used the sharks they caught. The exhibition is about the groundbreaking scientific and technological advances pioneered during the Golden Age of Islamic civilization. When the situation became serious, I left the town during the siege and returned to Calicut.
The Travels of Ibn Battuta
Since Battuta was trained as an Islamic judge and legal scholar, almost everywhere he went, the Muslim rulers he encountered treated him as an honored guest. As for his own adventures, he describes a hired guide who, outside the city of Qalhat, turned robber. . The ruling Mamluk Sultanate appreciated the importance of these holy places, and so they kept the road secure. The purpose of rihla is to enlighten and entertain readers with detailed descriptions of pious institutions, public monuments and religious personalities of Islam. These number about a hundred men.
The longest Hajj: The Journey's of Ibn Battuta
He must have therefore either left Mecca two years earlier than stated or arrived in India two years later. His intentions were to perform Hajj and return home, but he moved onward and went around the world and took 29 years to complete his journey. It is his custom to sit every Friday, after prayers, in a pavilion, magnificently decorated, called the Gold Pavilion. Muslim Saints of South Asia: The Eleventh to Fifteenth Centuries. In all the lands of Malabar, except in this one land alone, it is the custom that whenever a ship is wrecked, all that is taken from it belongs to the treasury. .
Life and Travels of Ibn Battuta, World Explorer and Writer
In Islamic North Africa in the 12th to 14th centuries, as paper became increasingly widely available, educated men began to pen and circulate first-hand descriptions of their pilgrimages the Holy Cities of Makkah and Madinah. He was born in Tangier, in Morocco, in 1304. This section is more for the technologically minded. He was only in Tangier for a mere four days before setting back out again, this time heading to fight Christians in Gibraltar. . The Mosque of the Prophet housed the sacred tomb of Muhammad as well as two of his successors, caliphs Abu Bakr and Umar, and that of his daughter Fatimah. At the eastern corner is the Black Stone, about 12 inches across set in a rim of silver.
Who was Ibn Battuta?
That title is a bit of a mouthful so the text is generally just called Ibn Battuta's Rihla, or Journey. The whole town of Sana'a is paved, so when the rain falls it washes and cleans all the streets. Encyclopedia of Arabic language and linguistics, Volume 4. . The qa'da, or code of social behavior, that governed life in these homes was much the same in Baghdad as it was back in Ibn Battuta's Tangier, or virtually anywhere else in the Muslim world. Perspectives on Modern South Asia: A Reader in Culture, History, and Representation. How did you know which way to go? When Battuta suggested the idea of returning to Mecca on another pilgrimage, the Sultan vetoed the plan.
This time, no show of mendicancy would be an adequate answer. . Unneeded and unknown in the lands of the camel, these were large, four-wheeled coaches drawn by oxen or horses. Muhammad restored it to a temple to the One God honored by Abraham. Can we look him up? The sultan was sitting on a cushion, with two goblets in front of him which had been covered, one of gold and the other of silver. When the Prophet died in 632, his grave in Medina became a site of pilgrimage second only to the Kaaba itself.
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. . It was written by Ibn Battuta, one of the greatest Muslim travellers of all time. That had been a time when, though China's palaces might have been richer and Cordoba's philosophers deeper, Baghdad was still the world's greatest confluence of intellect, commerce, art, trade and religion, the richest volume on history's bookshelf. I visited 44 countries, from Tangiers in the west, and travelled as far east as Quanzhou in China where I saw the Great Wall. In his honor, a lunar impact crater on the far side of the Moon has been named Ibn Firnas.
Saudi Aramco World : The Longest Hajj: The Journeys of Ibn Battuta, Part 2: From Riches to Rags—Makkah to India
Life section is all about Society, Art, Culture, History, Sports, Food, Music and much more. After the Rihla was completed, in 1355 Ibn Battuta seemed content with a life of obscurity. . The distance from Damascus to Medina was about 820 miles, and the caravan normally covered it in 45 to 60 days. The viewers had the opportunity to follow the travel route Ibn Battuta took to complete Hajj. The latter sells his goods for him and buys for him.
Ibn Battuta's Journey to Hajj
Then flying carpet came and stories associated with them. Still, for fame, allure and its aura of history, Baghdad was still the Queen of the Tigris, a name to conjure with—so much so that Ibn Juzayy, as he took down Ibn Battuta's account, was moved here to insert into the Rihla several pre-Mongol panegyrics the city had inspired, presumably to impress upon the reader its former glory. He also had a few marriages and lovers and fathered several children on his travels! The Travels of Ibn Batūta. He even claimed to have traveled as far as the Grand Canal and Beijing though some modern historians doubt he made it quite that far. Even though the caravan was protected by the power of the Mamluk army, still there were real dangers. Norman MacDonald has illustrated more than 25 articles for Aramco World. .