How to rhetorically analyze a text. Writing A Rhetorical Analysis 2022-10-22
How to rhetorically analyze a text Rating:
In Broad Daylight by Ha Jin is a poignant and thought-provoking novel that explores the complex dynamics of power, corruption, and justice in a small Chinese village during the Cultural Revolution.
The story follows the lives of two main characters: Ning, a schoolteacher who becomes embroiled in a power struggle with the local party secretary, and Shuyu, Ning's wife, who is caught between her loyalty to her husband and her fear of the party's retribution. Through these characters, Ha Jin deftly illustrates the ways in which the Cultural Revolution's ideology of revolution and class struggle was used to justify violence and abuse of power, as well as the ways in which individuals were forced to navigate the treacherous waters of political loyalty and personal morality.
One of the key themes of the novel is the corrupting influence of power. The party secretary, Lao Li, is a ruthless and cunning man who will stop at nothing to maintain his position of authority, even if it means resorting to threats, intimidation, and violence. Ning, on the other hand, is a principled and honest man who refuses to bow to Lao Li's demands, even when it puts him and his family in danger. As the conflict between the two men escalates, it becomes clear that Lao Li's power is not derived from his leadership or moral character, but rather from his ability to manipulate the system and use fear and intimidation to silence his opponents.
Another theme that emerges in the novel is the role of justice in a society where the rule of law is subverted by those in power. Ning's struggle to bring Lao Li to justice is a poignant reminder of the importance of due process and the rule of law in upholding a just society. However, Ha Jin also highlights the ways in which the legal system can be used to protect the powerful and punish the weak, as Ning's efforts to seek justice are repeatedly thwarted by the corruption and bias of the local authorities.
Ultimately, In Broad Daylight is a powerful and poignant exploration of the ways in which power and corruption can corrupt even the most well-intentioned individuals. Ha Jin's vivid and nuanced portrayal of the characters and their struggles is a testament to his skill as a writer, and the novel serves as a thought-provoking and timely reminder of the dangers of unchecked power and the importance of upholding justice and the rule of law.
Doing a Rhetorical Analysis of a Text
Each one is covered in one paragraph. Is it biting or sarcastic? The easiest way to remember these five major components of rhetorical analysis is with the acronym realm: reader essay author limitations motivation You will almost certainly take up the elements in a different order just as they were explained above in a different order , but the acronym will help you remember the five key perspectives to look at when dissecting an argument. Chapter 6: Thinking and Analyzing Rhetorically 6. Does the author use any controversial words in the piece? See the article Step 1: Before reading the article, take a minute to preview the text, a critical reading skill explained in Chapter 1. You need to go beyond summarizing and look at how the author shapes his or her text based on its context. The rhetorical situation or the context of the text is also included here.
R - Can you define the probable readers in terms of age, gender, occupation, education, position of power? A writer can adopt a particular mask to present to readers, emphasizing their common humanity or specialized education. Be careful that you are not using an article that is actually a middle school student essay published in a school newspaper! Is it full of jargon? Rhetorical Analysis: Rhetorical analysis is the focus of much of this course as this practice enhances your own awareness of how to create effective arguments in addition to being the focus of the AP exam you will take in May. Does that publication have a perceived bias? When Lindsay is not teaching, she enjoys playing with her two kids, running, and getting lost in a good book. You would expect that news reporters would be objective and tell news stories based upon the facts; however, Janet Cooke, Stephen Glass, Jayson Blair, and Brian Williams all lost their jobs for plagiarizing or fabricating part of their news stories. What range of positions on the issue might target readers hold before reading? Rhetorical analysis takes place by examining a text on 2 levels and both should be represented in your annotations, though not every element of each will be noted as that would be painful and excessively difficult. What can you say about the author based on the appearance of the text alone? Finally, because this type of rhetorical analysis focuses on the motivation for an argument, the historical, political, economic, and social contexts for the motivating event also pose some limitations on what a writer can and cannot argue for.
For example, if a writer were to put forth the argument that women in the United States should have the right to vote, no one would care; that is a non-issue because women in the United States already have that right. Each paragraph deals with one rhetorical element of the text which is announced in the topic sentence. However, this flawed definition, though quite common these days, does not offer the entire picture or full understanding of a concept that is more about clearly expressing substance and meaning rather than avoiding them. The most effective arguments are tailored specifically to their readers, so this element is a key part of "The Rhetorical Situation" or a rhetorical analysis. For a visual example, Exercise 5: Rhetorical Analysis Step 1: Choose one of the articles linked below.
Does he incorporate facts, statistics, or numbers? Look at the dates on both the article and the video to get an idea of a time frame. A journalist whose specialty is unclear? Does the language feel positive or negative? What assumptions does the author make about their audience? The individual subject to persuasion is mainly Miig but also his family C. At the time of discovery, she was Dean of Admissions at Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT. Rhetorical Triangle The elements of the rhetorical situation interact with and influence one another. Preview your chosen text, and then read through it, paying special attention to how the writer tries to establish an ethical appeal. A successful logical appeal provides clearly organized information as well as evidence to support the overall argument. Is the line of reasoning logical? Look up unfamiliar words.
M - What seems to have prompted the writer to present this argument? In most households today, there is no landline. State legislatures and school boards across the country have begun banning snacks and soda from school campuses and vending machines. While no new points of analysis can be introduced here, the writer can include closing comments on the text itself, such as its importance or its place in the larger context. In order to make this point more appealing to the audience so that they will feel more emotionally connected to what the politician says, the writer inserts a story about Mary, an 80-year-old widow who relies on her Social Security benefits to supplement her income. Or the writer might decide that mobilizing public sentiment can help change a circumstance the writer views as unfair or wrong-headed. Sometimes a writer's motivation is based on his or her values: the writer sees an event and feels strongly that such occurrences should not happen or should not work out the way this particular event did.
The text you analyze might be explanatory, although there will be aspects of argument because you must negotiate with what the author is trying to do and what you think the author is doing. Why does the author try to persuade you to adopt his or her viewpoint? It is important to understand whether or not an author is truly an expert on the content. What parts are most appealing? You can find a massive list here. They are often used in academic articles and studies to persuade readers. Thirty years ago, most households had landline phones and had to dial a number see the above photo , which was called a rotary phone. Logos can include citing facts and statistics, historical events, and other forms of fact based evidence. Claim The main idea, thesis, opinion, or belief of an argument that the author must prove.
Annotating a Text, Rhetorical Analysis, Preparing for Discussion:
Where does this evidence come from? In addition to these textual questions, we need to look at contextual considerations when we read rhetorically. What are the three rhetorical strategies? She is passionate about helping English teachers find balance in their lives and teaching practice through practical feedback strategies and student-led learning strategies. Point to aspects of the text that create the tone; spend some time examining these and considering how and why they work. What specific qualifications does the author present to build credibility with the target audience? Note: that movie is old now. But writers are also limited by their own knowledge, by their perspectives on a topic, by their values, by their emotional connection to a topic.
Look at several different sources instead of relying on just one website to understand who the author is. Examples of this can be found widely in commercials. In many rhetorical situations, the author will try to highlight the traits she shares with her readers. Is this placement of the thesis effective? Toward the beginning or the end of the text and why? Why does the author try to persuade you to adopt this viewpoint? It also involves understanding the subject matter of the speech and intended audience. But it is also the case that if we can cultivate this moment of neutrality, we may be able to understand where they are coming from and find some common ground. As a reader and a listener, you must be able to recognize how writers and speakers depend upon these three rhetorical elements in their efforts to communicate.
Careful research will show that the original marriage study was flawed, and divorce rates in America have steadily declined since 1985 Peck, 1993. For example, a writer or speaker may begin with an anecdote showing the effect of a law on an individual. Hillary Clinton just penned a lengthy article … calling for yet more federal control of health care. Is the author trying to reach a certain age group, ethnicity, gender, or educational background? However, this objectivity ends with the thesis statement. What tactics did they use? A rhetorical analysis considers all elements of the rhetorical situation--the audience, purpose, medium, and context--within which a communication was generated and delivered in order to make an argument about that communication. Likewise, if a writer lacks a logical appeal and tries to rely solely on subjective or emotionally driven examples, then the audience will not take the writer seriously because an argument based purely on opinion and emotion cannot hold up without facts and evidence to support it.
Rhetoric is Defined As… Before we get to the rhetorical analysis essay prompts a. Ethos The authority or credibility of the author. The ancient Greeks, namely Aristotle, developed rhetoric into an art form, which explains why much of the terminology that we use for rhetoric comes from Greek. Again, google research can help. Exercise 4: Analyzing Kairos In this exercise, you will analyze a visual representation of the appeal to Kairos.