Guns germs and steel epilogue summary. Do you have a summary for the Epilogue of Guns, Germs, and Steel? 2022-10-22
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The International Baccalaureate (IB) Extended Essay is a 4,000-word research paper that provides students with the opportunity to explore a topic of their choice in depth. The Extended Essay (EE) is an integral part of the IB Diploma Programme and allows students to engage in independent research and analysis on a topic of their choosing. The process of writing an Extended Essay requires students to develop skills in research, critical thinking, and organization, making it an excellent opportunity for students to challenge themselves academically and develop important skills for future success.
There are many different topics that students can choose for their Extended Essay, and the best topic will depend on the student's interests and areas of expertise. Some potential ideas for an Extended Essay include:
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No matter what topic students choose for their Extended Essay, it is important that they choose a topic that is of interest to them and that they are passionate about. This will help them stay motivated throughout the research and writing process and will ensure that their final essay is of the highest quality.
Guns, Germs, and Steel Epilogue
The same principle applies to animal domestication. China stopped sending fleets out to other countries after a power struggle between two factions at court, with the winning faction being opposed to maritime travel. However, in Eurasia groups could migrate from one area to another and still stay within the same climate zone. Retrieved March 14, 2008. About 11,000 years ago, certain human beings developed agriculture—a major milestone in human history. Still others, he says, "have been decimated, subjugated, and in some cases even exterminated by European colonialists.
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
To that end, he focuses on establishing what future studies should expand on: the role of intercontinental differences in his four important factors. Products of Agriculture Rates of Diffusion and Migration A second set of factors affect diffusion spreading out of population and migration. So why did China not continue to dominate in these areas and hold the conquests made by European explorers? Furthermore, New Guineans spend more time exploring the world than average Westerners who watch lots of TV. Thus, Eurasians also had the advantage of first being exposed to these diseases, to which they could develop immunity. Yali asked Diamond "Why white men. H-Net: Humanities and Social Sciences Online. There is absolutely no scientific evidence to support the idea that people in hunter-gatherer cultures are less talented or intelligent than their counterparts in an industrialized country.
In the first, he demonstrates that the New Guineans developed agriculture, sophisticated technology, and political centralization while the neighboring aborigines of Australia did not, due to geographic distances and factors like the ones sketched out in Part Two. In this way, he continues to guide the reader and remains transparent about his methodology. Sponsored by Spain In contrast, Diamond talks about the Chinese Empire, a large unified geographic area ruled by a single monarch. While Diamond focused on a few notable cases of geographic determinism in Part Four, there are many others he has no time. As societies became larger and denser, they tended to develop centralized structures of power—in other words, a central leadership that commanded a set of subordinate leaders, who in turn commanded local groups of people.
Please summarize the epilogue of Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond.
In certain parts of the world, humans began pursuing agriculture because the fertile soil and temperate climate made agriculture a good use of time and resources. Diamond describes the vast differences between New Guineans and the white colonists who came to New Guinea in the 1800s. GradeSaver, 11 April 2022 Web. China was a politically unified country at the time; the dynastic powers ruled that China would no longer explore the rest of the world with its ships. Because food production contributed to denser populations and more potential for complex societies and technologies, this had an effect on the development of writing, technology, and empire as well. But it is harder to explain why certain plants were domesticated in one area and not in another.
Guns, Germs, and Steel Prologue: Yali’s Question Summary & Analysis
. Due to environmental qualities like soil fertility, availability of domesticable animals, and availability of edible crops, however, it took a longer time for agriculture to supplant hunter-gatherer culture in most other regions. He realizes that it will never be possible to make history as "hard" of a science as physics or chemistry. Why do some countries thrive and develop, while others remain powerless and poor? In no small part, Diamond writes his book in order to refute persistent, but ultimately unscientific, claims that whites, Europeans, and Westerners are superior to people from other parts of the world. Buy Study Guide Summary In this concluding section, Diamond returns to Four broad categories of environmental differences stand out as the most important ones. Historians should, he says, use natural experiments like the one about the Polynesians that he describes in Chapter 2 to uncover truths about human history.
Diamond suggests that the power struggles be looked at only after the geographical situations are examined, thus making human history into a science. He is a recipient of a Mac- Arthur Foundation Fellowship and was awarded a 1999 National Medal of Science. Retrieved May 3, 2017. Furthermore, some people became sedentary without adopting food production—sedantariness and food production were not necessarily linked. The thing that matters is that physicists and scientific experts can detail all inclusive deterministic laws while history specialists and scholars can define just measurable patterns.
Guns, Germs, and Steel Epilogue: The Future of Human History as a Science Summary and Analysis
A subsequent methodology is center around littler land scales and shorter timescales. But, as with many of the questions raised in the Epilogue, culture will have to be a subject for another book. However, he thinks that it would be possible to discern broad trends and to make general predictions about the future. Epilogue: The Future of Human History as a Science Summary and Analysis. He does not claim to have developed a full and perfect theory, but rather the beginning of an inquiry into a topic that deserves further attention. For agriculture to develop, an area had to have a number of easily domesticated major crops and animals.
Yet China mostly gave up its maritime expeditions in the middle of the 15th century. In many ways, hunter-gatherers are actually better off than people in a country like the U. So, the overall purpose of this epilogue is to suggest that historians should use these natural experiments to make history more like a science. Retrieved July 9, 2008. Diamond then presents a brief outline of his theory and the ultimate and proximate causes of these differences between societies.
Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond Plot Summary
Analysis Throughout his analysis in this final section, Diamond adheres rigorously to the scientific method. Guns, Germs, And Steel Summary And Study Guide SuperSummary Guns, Germs, and Steel. Diamond identifies a mere 14 domesticated large mammal species worldwide. . Actually, being a hunter-gatherer was not even necessarily less advantageous than being a peasant farmer; some farmers spend more hours per day on food production than hunter-gatherers do.