Critique of action research methodology. Action Research Literature Review 2022-11-07
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Action research is a research methodology that involves actively engaging in a process of inquiry and reflection in order to improve a situation or solve a problem. It is often used in educational settings, but can also be applied in other fields such as organizational development and community development. While action research can be a useful and valuable approach to research, it also has some limitations and potential criticisms that should be considered.
One potential criticism of action research is that it may not be as objective as other research methods. Because action research involves actively participating in the research process and attempting to solve a problem, there may be a bias towards finding solutions rather than objectively studying the problem. This can lead to results that may not be generalizable to other contexts or populations, as the research may be more focused on finding solutions for a specific group rather than understanding a broader issue.
Another criticism of action research is that it can be time-consuming and resource-intensive. Because action research involves a cyclical process of planning, acting, observing, and reflecting, it can take longer to complete than other research methods. Additionally, the participation of multiple stakeholders in the research process can also add to the time and resource requirements.
Another potential limitation of action research is that it may not be suitable for studying certain types of problems or phenomena. For example, action research may not be suitable for studying complex or abstract concepts, or for studying issues that require a high level of objectivity and detachment.
Despite these criticisms, action research can still be a valuable approach to research in certain situations. When used appropriately, it can provide valuable insights and facilitate meaningful change in a particular context. It is important, however, to carefully consider the limitations of action research and to be aware of the potential biases and subjectivity that may be present in the research process.
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Why is the article's author considered an expert in their field? We will need to establish understanding about action research as a way to improve leadership capabilities among teachers. Read also The Process Of Time Management Education Essay Critique of action research Action research is applied, empowering, collaborative, democratic and emancipatory. Share this: Facebook Facebook logo Twitter Twitter logo Reddit Reddit logo LinkedIn LinkedIn logo WhatsApp WhatsApp logo 1. Some teachers in my local setting are ill-prepared to take on leadership roles. In the context of higher education, practical action research aims to help teachers become better practitioners.
In the 2nd case of Chevrier it is said that the greatest difficulty for the project manager is to make the work required for his own project a priority for team members who are very much in demand. Action research accommodates all types of data collected through various techniques. Are the methods the author chose appropriate and helpful for answering the stated research question s? While in general, these studies may contribute to the improvement of practice, practical action research becomes vulnerable to being exploited to legitimize reputations of outsiders' reputations than being applied meaningfully in practice Ary et al. . What are the logical fallacies in the author's viewpoint? However, understanding the social system cannot be. As a research design, action research is relatively new.
Coding, content analysis, and other qualitative forms of analysis are sometimes buffered with inferential statistics to boost credibility Sagor, 2005. Proposed action research process Despite acknowledged weaknesses, action research is still a viable tool among education leaders in influencing change within the organization. Also, the group was divided into children who continued their BEEP program 104 and those who moved elsewhere but were still tracked 65. The problem with such a statement is that the author concludes the correlation between the two actions without looking deeper to see the real causes and effects. She has analysed the collected data by Cutting of Tran scripted interviews and meeting notes by theme. Should science consist only of controlled experimentation and the production of theory-based knowledge and be divorced from a search for effective solutions to practical problems? There are many opinions about which method is the best to use and many innovative forms are applied. This phase leads to another cycle of action, in which the plan is revised, and further acting, observing and reflecting undertaken systematically to work towards solutions to problems whether of a practical or emancipatory nature.
Oppositely, the second part of interviewees says that they make their best to struggle against prejudices, stereotypes and ethnocentrism. Data analysis is not really as exhaustive or as complex in action research as it is with traditional research. She has a master's degree in journalism from Ohio University. This may lead in such a way that project may not complete. Evaluate the Language Used in the Article Language is vital in every article, regardless of the field and topic. Teacher action research Teacher action research is "research that is done by teachers for themselves" Johnson, as cited in Mertler, 2006, p. Is the conclusion clear and logical? He further justifies this to be one of the key reasons for this research as he would get access to recent and accurate data and thereby would be able to conduct an empirical analysis.
Incomplete answers often indicate improper choice of research method. Exploratory research design involves collection of quantitative data followed by qualitative data. Qualitative approaches rely more on observation and interpretation, while quantitative methods focus on data collection and analysis. Conclusions are the drawn followed by a period of reflection which researchers engage in to be able come up with another plan of action to improve practice. Practical action research was influenced by Lewin's research within organizations which relied heavily on group dynamics, field theory, and T-groups.
Confirmation is hereby given that the information collected is most appropriate for this type of research. Supporters of practical action research believe that practical knowledge is the most important form of knowledge in teaching Koshy, 2005 and that the focus of action research must be on teacher's issues and problems because they produce knowledge helpful to them in redefining their profession. This is a clear example of what you should be looking for. Participatory action research PAR While practical action research is deliberative in purpose, participatory action research takes on a more emancipator role. I also think that the Informal discussion which she has used in this research is not an effective technique. Action research accommodates all types of data collected through various techniques. Floya Anthias, 2002 Where do I belong? One of the main criticisms of action research is that when left unchecked, results are laden with subjectivity Kock, 2005.
Principles and Critique of Action Research Methodology
Public Personnel Management, pp. Lewin started with the term action research'. Action research is based on action, evaluation and critical analysis of practices based on collected data in order to introduce improvements in relevant practices. The three case study which she has chosen in her research is not a typical one because all the case studies had the same background i. This improved confidence by the teachers gives them professional self-assurance, which is a main factor in the ability of continuous development of the teaching profession.
Students were selected randomly from the same second-grade classrooms and matched by gender. However, action research lately has been influenced to adopt more quantitative analysis in order to establish integrity and credibility in the findings. I argue that the three case studies which she has chosen is not a typical one of all the multinational project groups. The size of the sample used in this research is a hundred and ten. A discussion of advantages and disadvantages of action research is also discussed.