Brief account of the devastation of the indies. Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies Quotes 2022-10-24

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The devastation of the Indies refers to the widespread destruction and loss of life that occurred in the Americas following the arrival of European colonizers in the 15th and 16th centuries. The impact of European colonization on the indigenous populations of the Americas was catastrophic, with entire civilizations being wiped out and the population of indigenous people declining by as much as 90% in some areas.

One of the primary causes of the devastation of the Indies was the introduction of European diseases to which the indigenous people had no immunity. Smallpox, measles, and influenza were among the most deadly of these diseases, and they spread rapidly through the population, killing millions of people. In addition to these diseases, the indigenous people also suffered from malnutrition and other health problems due to the disruption of their traditional way of life and the loss of their land and resources to the colonizers.

The colonizers also played a direct role in the devastation of the Indies through their exploitation of the indigenous people and the natural resources of the region. The Spanish, in particular, were notorious for their brutal treatment of the indigenous people, who were often forced into slavery or worked to death in the mines and on plantations. The colonizers also destroyed the environment, cutting down forests and using up natural resources, leading to further declines in the indigenous population.

In addition to the physical devastation caused by the colonizers, the indigenous people also suffered from cultural devastation as their way of life was destroyed and their traditions and beliefs were suppressed by the colonizers. Many indigenous cultures were completely erased, and the survivors were forced to assimilate to European culture or live on the margins of society.

The devastation of the Indies had a profound and lasting impact on the indigenous people of the Americas and the region as a whole. The loss of life and the destruction of cultures and ways of life can never be fully undone, and the legacy of European colonization continues to be felt to this day.

A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies

brief account of the devastation of the indies

And it was related to me for certain, that a ship going from Hispaniola to the Island of Lucayos, sailed thither without any compass, only by the carcasses that floated up and down the sea. These Provinces from the year 1498. As for the vast mainland, which is ten times larger than all Spain, even including Aragon and Portugal, containing more land than the distance between Seville and Jerusalem, or more than two thousand leagues, we are sure that our Spaniards, with their cruel and abominable acts, have devastated the land and exterminated the rational people who fully inhabited it. But the Indians at that time contemning the commands of their King, chose them a Captain whom they made chief Commander of all their Forces. But now worse things follow. But after their departure, knowing the falsehood and treachery of the Spaniards, they sent messengers fifty miles after them, craving pardon in the name of the Indians, and entreating them to return.

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The devastation of the Indies : a brief account : Casas, Bartolomé de las, 1484

brief account of the devastation of the indies

They are of a very apprehensive and docible wit, and capable of all good learning, and very apt to receive our Religion, which when they have but once tasted, they are carried on with a very ardent and zealous desire to make a further progress in it; so that I have heard divers Spaniards confess that they had nothing else to hinder them from enjoying heaven, but their ignorance of the true God. But at length being taken, for no other reason, but because he fled from those that sought his life, and defended himself that he might not be tormented to death, he was by the Spaniards burnt alive. All the people were slain or died after being taken into captivity and brought to the Island of Hispaniola to be sold as slaves. And I have lately seen them so destroyed, that it would move the most stony heart to compassion. This is a term the colonizers used to identify themselves.

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Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies Quotes

brief account of the devastation of the indies

The men they killed only for their hands and feet, for those they accounted dainties. The first place they came to, was Hispaniola, being a most fertile Island, and for the bigness of it very famous, it being no less then six hundred miles in compass. And thus they have deprived the Indians of their lives and souls, for the millions I mentioned have died without the Faith and without the benefit of the sacraments. But the Spaniards being departed, a certain Captain, of Kin to the chief Tyrant, returned to spoil them that mistrusted nothing; who there flew the King of the Province with his Lance, and committed many other cruelties. But what recompense can be made for the destroying of so many souls, which through the cruelty and tyranny of so many blood-sucking Tyrants are now tormented in hell? A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies.

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Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies

brief account of the devastation of the indies

He called the region the Indies and claimed the island of Hispaniola which later became the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic for Spain. Then replied the other, Let me go to Hell that I may not come where they are. Two or three of their most heinous crimes I will rehearse, whereby the reader may judge of the wickedness of those which remain untold. And now should I reckon the Provinces which he laid desert, the Cities which he burnt, for all their houses are of straw, besides the particular slaughters which they made, though I am confident of the truth thereof, yet should I scarcely be believed, by reason that so much cruelty could not be suppos'd in man. In which regions the said Governor gave liberty to all the Spaniards, especially to his Stewards and Officers, to exercise what tortures they pleased upon the Indians to draw out of them the knowledge where their treasure lay. This island later became the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Which being done for a daily continuance, in ten or twelve years they made a clean riddance of the inhabitants out of this place.

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Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies

brief account of the devastation of the indies

Martha toward the West 50 miles, and is situated upon the confines of the Kingdome of Cerusia, being stretched upon the sea coast to the Bay of Uraba a hundred miles in length, Southward it is also stretched to a very great length. Why have you told us so many untruths, promising so faithfully to us that the Spaniards should not come into our Country? He wrote several texts based on his experience in what the Spanish called the New World, the Americas, or the Indies. This is already found out, and more is daily discovered. They left these Countries very much troubled and confused, having incurred no small infamy by reason of the Crimes which they committed, though they were not many: for God cut them off at the beginning, leaving the revenge of those evils, which I know, and have seen done in the Indies, to be poured forth upon this place. But because the King gave them not a golden house, therefore they told him that he must be put to death, because he did not stand to his word. It was a sad spectacle to behold this poor people preparing themselves to carry those burdens. We can estimate very surely and truthfully that in the forty years that have passed, with the infernal actions of the Christians, there have been unjustly slain more than twelve million men, women, and children.

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‎A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies on Apple Books

brief account of the devastation of the indies

It happened also, by reason that it came into the Governors mind to change the Indians from one Master to another, pretending to take away force from some that he saw began to envy him, that there was no seed time nor harvest for a whole year; now rather then the Spaniards would want, they took it from the Indians, by which means there perished no less then thirty thousand people; which caused one woman for hunger to eat her own childe. Rather, he wants the king to be informed, believing that the king will wish to put an end to the brutal acts of the Spanish colonizers. Afterwards they divide them like sheep, separating sons from fathers, wives from their husbands; and then making up a company of ten or twenty, those that set out the ships, and fitted them with necessaries, presently cast lots for their shares. The name of the King that there ruled was Guacanagari, under whom there were many other potent Lords, some of whom I knew: To this place came the old sea Captain that first discovered America, who was received with so much courtesy and friendship by Guacanagari, who gave him and his associates all the help and assistance that might be for his ship was there sunk that upon his return into Spain he would often affirm, that his own parents in his own Country were never so friendly to him. Of these and other things innumerable I have been an eye-witness; Now because there were some that shun'd like so many rocks the cruelty of a Nation so inhumane, so void of piety and love to mankind, and therefore fled from them to the mountains; therefore they hunted them with their Hounds, whom they bred up and taught to pull down and tear the Indians like beasts: by these Dogs much human blood was shed; and because the Indians did now and then kill a Spaniard, taking him at an advantage, as justly they might; therefore the Spaniards made a Law among themselves, that for one Spaniard so slain, they should kill a hundred Indians. However, his protests had little effect.

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Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies Study Guide

brief account of the devastation of the indies

The book has been critiqued for its reliability concerning the treatment of the indigenous people and the numbers who died as a result of mistreatment by the Spanish conquistadors. European colonizers often rationalized their policies of enslavement and cruelty with the argument that the native people were not truly human and did not have souls. There may be now remaining in the Province of Nicardona perhaps some four or five thousand men, though they daily diminish through the immoderate oppressions of the Spaniards. The religious persons being arriv'd were received as Angels from heaven, ear being giv'n to their words with all attention, alacrity and affection, that they were able at that time, for they were ignorant of our language; it happened afterwards when the religious persons were gone, that there came a band of Soldiers, who according to their customs of fraud and impiety, carried away captive the Prince of the Province, who either because that name was given him by the Religious persons, or by the other Spaniards was call'd Alfonsus; for they delight to be called by the names of the Christians, and therefore before they are informed of any thing else they desire to be baptized. Over and over again, he recounts episodes of murder, torture, rape, beatings, massacres, and enslavement. .


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A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies by Bartolomé de las Casas

brief account of the devastation of the indies

These conquistadors, or conquerors, saw this region as a new opportunity for wealth and expansion. The Black Legend was also created as an argument for why the English, the Dutch, and other nationalities should colonize the Americas too, rather than leaving the whole lucrative region to the Spanish. And thus, also they carried their Artillery from one place to another, putting them upon their naked shoulders, whereby being oppressed with the monstrous weight of those burdens, they funk down often of them in the way, of which I was many times an eyewitness. The island of Cuba is nearly as long as the distance between Valladolid and Rome; it is now almost completely depopulated. There must be close to two hundred leagues of land on this island, and the seacoast has been explored for more than ten thousand leagues, and each day more of it is being explored. In many Provinces, and indeed in most Provinces where they came before the captivity of the chief Lord, they were still welcom'd by the Indians with Songs and Dances and great Presents of Gold; though the thanks which they gave them was always with the points of their swords, still recompensing them with Massacres.

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Brief Account of the Devastation of the Indies Plot Summary

brief account of the devastation of the indies

Why have you burnt our gods, when as they do bring and fell others among us? Away, away to Mexico, where our chief Lord Montezuma will revenge our quarrel. And also, those lands are so rich and felicitous, the native peoples so meek and patient, so easy to subject, that our Spaniards have no more consideration for them than beasts. And Spaniards have behaved in no other way during the past forty years, down to the present time, for they are still acting like ravening beasts, killing, terrorizing, afflicting, torturing, and destroying the native peoples, doing all this with the strangest and most varied new methods of cruelty, never seen or heard of before, and to such a degree that this Island of Hispaniola once so populous having a population that I estimated to be more than three million , has now a population of barely two hundred persons. The first two sections concentrate on Hispaniola and the five kingdoms of the island. Which being understood by the neighbors, they were all struck with astonishment. And if they fainted by the way, they would not take the pains to open the setters, but came to the fainting person, and cut off his head or his hands, and so left them.

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Las Casas, "Destruction of the Indies"

brief account of the devastation of the indies

This Death they found out also for the Lords and Nobles of the Land; they stuck up forked sticks in the ground, and then laid certain perches upon them, and so laying them upon those perches, they put a gentle fire under, causing the fire to melt them away by degrees, to their unspeakable torment. Which being known to the Indians, they cut off abundance of them upon the bridges of the Lakes: neither can any man deny but that they did it justly, for the reasons above rehearsed. They also did something previously unheard of in the New World. They also kill'd Quitonius Cocopagauga, Governor of all the Provinces of Quitonia, who at the importunities of Sebastian Barnaclacanus Captain to the Governor came in peace to the Spaniards, because he could not give them the sum which they demanded; thus they put to death divers other of the Noblemen of the Country; and as I understand, it is the intention of the Spaniards not to leave one of the Lords and Noblemen of that place alive. Now it happened one day, that the Governor of the Island with sixty Horse, and three hundred Foot though the Horsemen were sufficient not only to waste the Island, but also the whole Continent called to him about three hundred of the Peers and Lords of the Nation, the greatest part whereof who were the more powerful, having by craft got them together in a straw Cottage, he cause to the burnt alive together with the house, the rest with an infinite fight of people he caused to be put to death by the Soldiers, who murdered the poor people like dogs with their Swords and Lances.

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