Ap psychology prologue notes. Copy of AP Psych.: Prologue links.lfg.com 2022-10-24
Ap psychology prologue notes Rating:
AP Psychology is a college-level course that is designed to introduce students to the scientific study of the behavior and mental processes of humans and animals. The course covers a wide range of topics, including the biological basis of behavior, sensation and perception, learning and cognition, motivation and emotion, developmental psychology, personality, and social psychology.
The prologue of an AP Psychology course typically provides an overview of the field, including its history and key figures. Students may learn about the early pioneers of psychology, such as Wilhelm Wundt and Sigmund Freud, and how their work laid the foundation for modern psychological theories and practices.
In addition to its history, the prologue may also introduce students to the different branches of psychology and the various research methodologies used in the field. For example, students may learn about the differences between experimental psychology, which focuses on manipulating variables to test hypotheses, and clinical psychology, which focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. They may also learn about the different research methods used in psychology, such as case studies, surveys, and experiments, and how these methods are used to study behavior and mental processes.
The prologue of an AP Psychology course may also include an overview of the ethical considerations involved in psychological research and practice. This may include a discussion of the importance of informed consent, confidentiality, and the protection of vulnerable populations in research.
Overall, the prologue of an AP Psychology course provides a broad introduction to the field and helps students understand the key concepts, theories, and practices that they will be studying throughout the course. By the end of the prologue, students should have a solid foundation in the principles of psychology and be well-prepared to delve deeper into the course material.
Copy of AP Psych.: Prologue links.lfg.com
It lays the basis of psychology and gives us apeek into what psychology concepts breed from. Clinical Psychology - a branch of psychologythat studies, assesses, and treats people with psychologicaldisorders. Wundt created an experimental apparatus that measured the time lag between people's hearing a sound and pressing a telegraph key. Cognitive Neuroscience - the interdisciplinarystudy of the brain activity linked with cognition including perception, thinking, memory, and language. William James, a pragmatist and functionalist, wrote the first text for the new discipline.
Stanley Hall First psych PhD in U. Also known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon 200313168 Ex post facto method an experiment where the researcher examines the effect of a naturally occurring treatment after it has occurred 200313169 Naturalistic observation The systematic observation and recording of behaviors as they occur in their natural setting 200313170 Hawthorne effect phenomenon in which participants' knowledge that they're being studied can affect their behavior 200313171 Survey method A questionnaire or interview designed to investigate the opinions, behaviors, or characteristics of a particular group 200313172 Correlation a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other 200313173 Causation A cause and effect relationship in which one variable controls the changes in another variable. Functionalism - a school of psychology thatfocused on how our mental and behavioral processes function—how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish. . The slope of the points suggests the direction of the relationship between the two variables. Psychology - the science of behavior and mentalprocesses.
AP Psychology Prologue: The Story of Psychology Flashcards
Applied Research - scientific studythat aims to solve practical problems. Another is whether we are consistently rational or sporadically irrational. Natural Selection - the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeedinggenerations. It lays the basis of psychology with information and names that you will talk about more throughout the year. But the biggest and most enduring issue continues the debate of the early philosophers: the relative influences of nature genes and nurture all other influences, from conception to death.
Skinner - same as Watson Behaviorism Abraham Maslow - humanist; emphasized theimportance of current environmental influences on our growth potential, and the importance of meeting our needs for love and acceptance Humanism Carl Rogers - same as Maslow Humanism Charles Darwin - natural selection; hisideas have become the organizing principle of biology; evolution has become animportant principle for 21st century psychology Functionalism. Nurture Issue- the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. The amount of scatter suggests the strength of the correlation little scatter indicates high correlation. He created the first psychological laboratory. Soon, the new discipline formed branches: structuralism, which searched for the basic elements of the mind, and functionalism, which tried to explain why we do what we do. Psychiatry - a branch of medicine dealingwith psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes providemedical for example, drug treatments as well as psychologicaltherapy.
In their attempt to understand human nature, they looked carefully at how our minds work and how our bodies relate to our minds. Most research psychologists today agree with 1 but not with 2. Behaviorism - the view that psychology 1 should be an objective science that 2 studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Basic Research - pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base. Empiricism - a view that a knowledge comes from experience via the senses, and b science flourishes through observation and experiement. He compared this data with the time required for more difficult tasks because he wanted to measure the atoms of the mind.
AP Psychology Prologue + Chapter 1 Textbook links.lfg.com
Terms : 200313123 Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes 200313124 Tabula Rasa John Locke's concept of the mind as a blank slate that is ultimately bombarded by sense impressions that, aided by human reasoning, formulate ideas. One of these is stability and change over our lifetimes. Typically looks at attitude formation, attitude change, prejudice, conformity, attraction, aggression, intimacy, and group behavior. Levels of Analysis - the differingcomplementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon. Structuralism - an early school of psychologythat used introspection to explore the structural elements of the humanmind. In most cases, the debate is no debate: Every psychological event is simultaneously a biological event. CounselingPsychology - a branch of psychology that assists people with problemsin living often related to school, work, or marriage and in achieving greaterwell-being.
For example, group 1 does 'A' then 'B', group 2 does 'B' then 'A' this is to eliminate order effects. Also called a scattergram or scatter diagram. Prologue: Story of Psychology The story of psychology leads us back to the days of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These viewpoints are complementary, not contradictory, and each offers useful insights in the study of behavior and mental processes. Humanistic Psychology - historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth. Biopsychosocial Approach - an integrated approach that corporates biological, psychological, andsocial-cultural levels of analysis. Prescientific Psychology More than 2000 years ago, Buddha and Confucius focused on the powers and origin of ideas.