The Anglo-Burmese War, also known as the First Anglo-Burmese War, was a military conflict fought between the British Empire and the Konbaung dynasty of Burma from 1824 to 1826. It was the result of a series of conflicts and misunderstandings between the two sides, and ultimately resulted in the defeat of Burma and the annexation of several territories by the British.
The origins of the war can be traced back to the early 19th century, when British traders and merchants began establishing themselves in Burma. The British, who were seeking to expand their trade and influence in the region, soon came into conflict with the Burmese monarchy, which was wary of foreign interference and sought to protect its own economic interests.
In 1823, tensions between the British and the Burmese reached a breaking point when the Burmese arrested and imprisoned several British traders. This incident, known as the "Arracan Incident," sparked outrage in Britain and led to the dispatch of a military expedition to Burma.
The British invasion of Burma was led by Major General Archibald Campbell, who arrived in Rangoon (now Yangon) in May 1824 with a force of more than 10,000 soldiers. The Burmese, who were unprepared for the sudden attack, were quickly overwhelmed by the superior firepower and tactics of the British.
The war saw several major battles, including the Siege of Rangoon and the Battle of Prome, both of which were won by the British. The Burmese, who were fighting a guerrilla war against the invaders, were unable to hold their own against the well-equipped and trained British troops.
By 1826, the Burmese monarchy had been defeated and the British had annexed several territories, including Rangoon and the province of Pegu. The Treaty of Yandabo, which ended the war, was signed in February 1826, and marked the end of the Konbaung dynasty's rule in Burma.
The Anglo-Burmese War had far-reaching consequences for both sides. For the British, it marked the beginning of their colonization of Burma, which would last for more than a century. For the Burmese, it marked the end of their independence and the beginning of a long period of foreign domination. The war also had significant cultural and economic impacts, as the British introduced new technologies and systems to Burma, and exerted a strong influence on the country's culture and society.
Overall, the Anglo-Burmese War was a significant event in the history of both Britain and Burma, and had a lasting impact on the region.
The Treaty of Yandabo February 1826 formally ended the First Anglo-Burmese War. Dalhousie did not attempt to probe the validity of the charges which were framed by the English traders against the Burmese Government. Burma was ruled as a part of India within the British Empire. First, the English demanded that money from the Burma Durbar which, according to them, was illegally taken from Sheppard and Lewis Company. It blocked the passage of the Burma Government to the sea and also helped in defending their Eastern Empire.
Until the second installment was paid, the British would not leave Yangon. British romantic views of the first Anglo-Burmese war, 1824-1826. The River of Lost Footsteps — Histories of Burma. They have described it as an imposed war to extend the Imperial interests of the English. On 29 March 1825, the British launched their attack on Mrauk-U. He threatened Assam and the Brahmaputra Valley as he continued his westward expansion. The Burmese Governor agreed to fulfill all the demands of the English and requested for the release of the royal ship.
The efforts of Dalhousie were not directed towards peace but were aimed at provoking the Burmese to a war — right or wrong. It was the final of three wars fought in the 19th century between the Burmese and the British. Bandula had walked around the fort to boost the morale of his men, in his full insignia under a glittering golden umbrella, disregarding the warnings of his generals that he would prove an easy target for the enemy's guns. The indemnity of one million pounds sterling was considered a large sum in Europe at that time. Mindon, the Burmese King, who had deposed his half-brother, King Pagan Min, in a power struggle in February 1853, was in no position to fight the British; at the same time, he couldn't openly agree to surrender Burmese territory.
And, as there was no English Resident at the court, Dalhousie deputed the naval commander Lambert to proceed to Rangoon to recover that amount. Continuation of resistance until 1895. Streeter and his family were ruthless robbers of colonial assets in the true Victorian mould. The arrogant British envoy, on the other hand, was dead set on inciting a conflict. As a result, there were no formal peace negotiations, and the war ended without a treaty. The British authorities were also concerned about the spread of French commercial and political influence in Burma and Southeast Asia.
In the course of its work, the commission began demanding the Burmese authorities in villages determined by the British to be on their side of the line should withdraw. Besides, if the traders were dissatisfied with the policy of the Burmese Government, why did they insist on trade on their own conditions? The River of Lost Footsteps: Histories of Burma. Furthermore, the British perceived Burma's large population as a large market for the sale of British cotton goods and other manufactured goods. Lambert refused and sought the advice of Dalhousie. The English had no moral right to pressurise the Burmese Government to act according to their interests. In May, Burmese forces led by But Bandula, not wanting to overstretch, stopped U Sa from proceeding to Chittagong. The province of Burma becomes part of the British Raj.
The final, and now completely successful, conquest of the country, under the direction of The British also extended their control into the tribal areas of the Kachin Hills and Chin Hills. The relations between the English and the Burmese were not finally settled by the The Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852 The Burmese looked with suspicion and hatred upon the English. The timber resources of Upper Burma had piqued the interest of British timber companies. He had prepared himself for the war and simply desired to wage it at the proper time. The Third Anglo-Burmese War was a conflict that took place during 7—29 November 1885, with sporadic resistance and insurgency continuing into 1887.
What was the significant outcome of the Anglo Burmese war?
The First Anglo-Burmese War arose from friction between Arakan in western Burma and British-held Chittagong to the north. Narrative of the Burmese War: Detailing the Operations of Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell, 1st Baronet's Army, From its landing at Rangoon in May 1824, to the conclusion of a Treaty of Peace at Yandaboo in February 1826. Decalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois University. First Anglo-Maratha War Date 1775—1782 Location Central India Western India Result Maratha victory Treaty of Salbai Belligerents British Empire British East India Company Maratha Empire Commanders and leaders Was Burma ever a part of India? New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux. It was the final of Following the war, Burma came under the rule of the Following a succession crisis in Burma in 1878, the British Resident in Burma was withdrawn, ending official diplomatic relations between the countries. The River of Lost Footsteps—Histories of Burma. Causes and result of the war.
Journal of the Siam Society. They got an extensive and fertile territory. Dalhousie had no desire to pursue the war in upper Burma. Lambert did not accept the explanation of the Governor as genuine. The British considered a new war in response but other ongoing wars in Africa and Afghanistan led them to reject a war at that time. In a skirmish south of Ava, the Burmese general Bandula was killed and his armies routed.